Памятник минину и пожарскому на английском языке с переводом

Упражнение №16 — Раздел 1 по Английскому языку 7 класса — Афанасьева О.В.

Предмет: Английский язык Класс: 7 класс Автор учебника: Афанасьева О.В.
Михеева И.В. Год издания: 2016 Издательство: Кол-во задач: Кол-во упражнений: 541

Данное упражнение относится к первому разделу учебника (Unit 1 Russia, My Homeland) по английскому языку для школьников 7 класса. В этом упражнении необходимо прочитать текст, перевести и понять, какие затрагивались вопросы. Правки, дополнительные вопросы по упражнению и теме можно оставлять на странице обсуждения.

Описание упражнения [ править | править код ]

Look at this plan of Red Square. Use the information below or any information that you have and imagine that you’re taking a group of tourists around Red Square. Tell them about the places they can see around. Answer their questions. Work in small groups.

St Basil’s / Pokrovsky Cathedral built in 1551- 1561 after the victory over the Kazan Kingdom; architects — Barma and Postnik; unusual architecture: eight churches placed around the tallest ninth church; nine beautifully painted cupolas; thick walls; could be used as a fort.

The Monument to Minin and Pozharsky built in 1818; the first statue put up in Moscow; the words on the monument: «To Citizen Minin and Prince Pozharsky — from a grateful Russia». Minin and Pozharsky were heroes of the people’s struggle in the war against Poland in 1612.

Lobnoye Mesto a platform of white stone constructed in the 16th century; the tsar’s orders were read from it; also used as a place for execution.

The Spasskaya Tower — the tallest tower of the Kremlin: 67.3 metres tall; one of the symbols of Moscow; the Kremlin clock made in the 16th century strikes on the hour, the half hour and the quarter; the minute hand is 3.28 metres long.

The Lenin Mausoleum (Mavzoley Lenina) — in the centre of Red Square by the Kremlin wall; built in 1924; the architect — Alexey Viktorovich Shchusev; rebuilt in 1930; at first was made of wood; now built of stone, brick, marble and granite.

The State History Museum opened in 1883; a rich collection of documents, drawings, pictures, maps showing the country’s past; materials about Russia’s great people.

The State Department Store (GUM) — in the 16th century this place was occupied by the first stone shops; one of the largest department stores in the country; an impressive building with a glass roof; hundreds of small shops inside; just about anything to buy.

    Red Square sighseeing

St Basil’s Cathedral

The Monument to Minin and Pozharsky

The Spasskaya Tower

The Lenin Mausoleum

The State Department Store (GUM)

Перевод текста [ править | править код ]

Посмотрите на этот план красной площади. Используйте информацию, которая представлена ниже или любую информацию, которая у вас есть, и представьте что вы проводите экскурсию туристам по красной площади. Расскажите им о местах, которые вы сможете увидеть там. Ответьте на их вопросы. Поработайте в небольших группах.

Собор Василия Блаженного или Покровский собор построен в 1551 — 1561 после победы над казанским королевством; архитекторы — Барма и Постник; необычная архитектура: восемь церквей размешены вокруг высокой девятой церкви; девять красиво расписанных куполов; толстые стены; могли использовать как крепость.

Памятник Минину и Пожарскому построен в 1818; первая статуя, которую возвели в Москве; слова на памятнике: «Гражданину Минину и Принцу Пожарскому — от благодарной России». Минин и Пожарский были героями в войне с Поляками в 1612 году. Лобное место — платформа из белого камня, построенная в 16 веке; приказы царя зачитывали с этого места; также использовалось как место для казни.

Лобное место — платформа белого камня, построенная в 16 веке; на нём царь зачитывал приказы; также используется как место для их исполнения.

Мавзолей Ленина — в центре Красной площади у Кремлевской стены; построили в 1924 году; архитектор — Щусев Алексей Викторович; перестроен в 1930 году; сначала был сделан из дерева; теперь из камня, кирпича, мрамора и гранита.

Государственный исторический музей открылся в 1883 году; богатая коллекция документов, рисунков, картин, карт, показывающих прошлое страны; материалы о великих людях России.

Спасская башня — Самая высокая башня в Кремле: 67,3 метра высотой; один из символов Москвы; часы Кремля сконструированы в 16 веке, которые бьют каждый час, пол часа и пятнадцать минут; стрелки часов 3,28 метров в длину. Мавзолей Ленина — находится в центре Красной площади около стен Кремля; построен в 1924 году; архитектор — Алексей Викторович Щусев; переконструирован в 1930 году; сначала был сделан из дерева; сейчас сделан из камня, кирпича, мрамора и гранита. Государственный музей истории открыт в 1883; богатая коллекция документов, картин, рисунков, карт на которых изображено прошлое страны; материалы о великих людях России.

Государственный универсальный магазин (ГУМ) — в 16 веке это место было занято первыми каменными магазинами; это один из самых больших универсальных магазинов в стране; впечатляющее здание со стеклянной крышей; согни небольших магазинов внутри; там можно купить практически все. Красной площади это самая большая и самая известная площадь в России. Она привлекает всех посетителей Москвы как магнит. Находясь на Красной площади вы увидите самые замечательные здания столицы — Кремль, ГУМ, Государственный музей

Источник

Текст для чтения «MONUMENT TO MININ AND POZHARSKY»

Monument to Minin and Pozharsky

The Reading / Tapescript

Listening Gap Fill

Choose the Correct Word

Put the Text Back Together

THE READING / TAPESCRIPT

The Monument to Minin and Pozharsky is a bronze statue on Red Square in Moscow, in front of Saint Basil’s Cathedral. The statue commemorates Prince Dmitry Pozharsky and Kuzma Minin, who gathered an all-Russian volunteer army and expelled the forces of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from Moscow, thus putting an end to the Time of Troubles in 1612.

The monument was conceived by the Free Society of Lovers of Literature, Science, and the Arts to commemorate the 200th anniversary of those events. Construction was funded by public conscription in Nizhny Novgorod, the city from where Minin and Pozharsky came to save Moscow. Tsar Alexander I, however, decided the monument should be installed on Red Square next to the Moscow Kremlin rather than in Nizhny Novgorod. The competition for the best design was won by the celebrated sculptor Ivan Martos in 1808. Martos completed a model, which was approved by Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna and the Russian Academy of Fine Arts in 1813. Casting work using 1100 lbs of copper was carried out in 1816 in St Petersburg. The base, made of three massive blocks of granite from Finland, was also carved at St Petersburg. Moving the statue and base to Moscow presented logistical challenges and was accomplished in winter by using the frozen waterways. However, in the wake of Napoleon’s invasion of Russia, the monument could not be unveiled until 1818.

The front of the base carries a bronze plaque depicting a scene of patriotic citizens sacrificing their property for the benefit of the motherland. On the left is an image of the sculptor Martos giving away his two sons (one of whom was killed in 1813)

Originally, the statue stood in the centre of Red Square, with Minin extending his hand towards the Moscow Kremlin. However, after the 1917 Revolution, the Communist authorities found the monument was obstructing parades on the square and discussed its demolition or transfer to some indoor museum. In 1936, the statue was moved closer to the cathedral where it remains to the present day.

On the first celebration of the Day of People’s Unity (November 4, 2005) an almost exact copy of this monument by Zurab Tsereteli was erected in Nizhny Novgorod. The copy is only 5 cm shorter than the Moscow original.

SYNONYM FINDING : Find the synonyms for the words on the left. Are your answers the same as other students’?

Paragraphs 1 and 2

2 commemorate b. huge

4 anniversary d. mention

6 monument f. sculpture

7 invasion g. memorial

Paragraphs 3, 4 and 5

1 benefit a. belonging

2 citizen b. reflection

3 property c. hinder

4 motherland d. destruction

5 image e. starting

6 obstruct f. inhabitant

7 demolition g. advantage

8 original h. fatherland

PHRASE MATCH : Match the following phrases from the article.

1 the statue a. was funded by

2 the 200 th anniversary b. a model

3 construction c. by Dowager Empress

4 the monument d. blocks of granite

5 completed e. of those events

6 was approved f. logistical challenges

7 three massive g. away

8 presented h. commemorates Pozharsky and Minin

9 giving i. to the cathedral

10 closer j. should be installed

LISTENING GAP FILL:

The Monument to Minin and Pozharsky is a bronze _________ on Red Square in Moscow, in front of Saint Basil’s Cathedral. The statue ____________ Prince Dmitry Pozharsky and Kuzma Minin, who gathered an all-Russian volunteer _________ and expelled the forces of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from Moscow, thus putting an _____________ to the Time of Troubles in 1612.

The monument was conceived by the Free Society of Lovers of Literature, Science, and the Arts to commemorate the 200th ______________________ of those events. Construction was funded by public conscription in Nizhny Novgorod, the ___________ from where Minin and Pozharsky came to save _____________ . Tsar Alexander I, however, decided the monument should be installed on Red Square next to the Moscow Kremlin rather than in Nizhny Novgorod. The competition for the best design was won by the celebrated sculptor Ivan Martos in 1808. Martos __________________ a model, which _______________________ by Dowager ____________________ Maria Feodorovna and the Russian Academy of Fine Arts in 1813. Casting work using 1100 lbs of copper was carried out in 1816 in St Petersburg. The base, made of three ___________ blocks of granite from Finland, was also carved at St Petersburg. Moving the statue and base to Moscow presented _______________ challenges and was accomplished in winter by using the frozen waterways. However, in the wake of Napoleon’s invasion of Russia, the monument could not be unveiled until _____________ .

The ______ of the base carries a bronze plaque depicting / is depicting a scene of patriotic citizens sacrificing their property for the benefit of the motherland. On the ______ is an image of the sculptor Martos giving away his two _____________ (one of whom was killed in 1813).

Originally, the statue stood in the centre of __________________ , with Minin extending his hand towards the Moscow Kremlin. However, after the 1917 Revolution, the Communist authorities ______ the monument was obstructing parades on the square and discussed its demolition or transfer to some indoor museum. In 1936, the statue was moved closer to the cathedral where it remains to the present day.

On the first ______________ of the Day of People’s Unity (November 4, 2005) an almost exact copy of this monument by Zurab Tsereteli ______________ in Nizhny Novgorod. The copy is only 5 cm ___________________ than the Moscow original.

CHOOSE THE CORRECT WORD:

Delete the wrong word in each of the pairs in italics.

The Monument to Minin and Pozharsky is a bronze statue / bust on Red Square in Moscow, in front of Saint Basil’s Cathedral. The statue commemorates / mentions Prince Dmitry Pozharsky and Kuzma Minin, who gathered an all-Russian volunteer army / troops and expelled the forces of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from Moscow, thus putting an end / beginning to the Time of Troubles in 1612.

The monument was conceived by the Free Society of Lovers of Literature, Science, and the Arts to commemorate the 200th anniversary / jubilee of those events. Construction was funded by public conscription in Nizhny Novgorod, the city / town from where Minin and Pozharsky came to save Moscow / St Petersburg . Tsar Alexander I, however, decided the monument should be installed on Red Square next to the Moscow Kremlin rather than in Nizhny Novgorod. The competition for the best design was won by the celebrated sculptor Ivan Martos in 1808. Martos completed / was completed a model, which was approved / have endorsed by Dowager Empress / Queen Maria Feodorovna and the Russian Academy of Fine Arts in 1813. Casting work using 1100 lbs of copper was carried out in 1816 in St Petersburg. The base, made of three massive / huge blocks of granite from Finland, was also carved at St Petersburg. Moving the statue and base to Moscow presented logistical / logistic challenges and was accomplished in winter by using the frozen waterways. However, in the wake of Napoleon’s invasion of Russia, the monument could not be unveiled until 1818 / 1832 .

The front / back of the base carries a bronze plaque depicting / is depicting a scene of patriotic citizens sacrificing their property for the benefit of the motherland. On the left / right is an image of the sculptor Martos giving away his two sons / daughters (one of whom was killed in 1813)

Originally, the statue stood in the centre of Red Square / the Kremlin , with Minin extending his hand towards the Moscow Kremlin. However, after the 1917 Revolution, the Communist authorities found / find the monument was obstructing parades on the square and discussed its demolition or transfer to some indoor museum. In 1936, the statue was moved closer to the cathedral where it remains to the present day.

On the first celebration / festival of the Day of People’s Unity (November 4, 2005) an almost exact copy of this monument by Zurab Tsereteli was erected / had erected in Nizhny Novgorod. The copy is only 5 cm shorter / more shorter than the Moscow original.

SPELLING:

These jumbled words are from the text. Spell them correctly.

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